"Good intentions will always be pleaded for every assumption of authority. It is hardly too strong to say that the Constitution was made to guard the people against the dangers of good intentions. There are men in all ages who mean to govern well, but they mean to govern. They promise to be good masters, but they mean to be masters." ~ Daniel Webster
I have recently completed a seminar course on the Declaration of Independence and Constitution at Hillsdale College. Though this ten-week course I have rediscovered the beauty of both documents and more so mind of our Founders during the Constitutional Convention of 1787. The thinking that went into the framing of the Constitution was best expressed in the Federalist Papers, a series of 85 published articles by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay under the nom de plume of Publius. The most prolific of the authors was James Madison, the author of the Virginia Plan.
Scheduled to begin on May 14, 1787 in Philadelphia PA, the Constitutional Convention progressed through the summer to establish a new form of government as described by the U.S. Constitution. Although the convention was called for the purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation, delegates from 12 of the 13 states (Rhode Island was absent) expressed an overwhelming interest in a totally new, and stronger, form of central government. Upon ratification of the U.S. Constitution in 1789, this agreed upon form of government was put into effect and has operated as the government of the United States ever since.
James Madison was a delegate from Virginia to both the Annapolis Convention and the Constitutional Convention who strongly clamored for a vigorous and powerful central government. Prior to attending the Constitutional Convention, Madison prepared two papers on government, A Study of Ancient and Modern Confederacies and Vices of the Political System of the United States, from which he drew most of the ideas for the plan of government that was proposed on May 29th, 1787. Because of his central role in creating the U.S. Constitution, and because of the diligence with which he maintained records during the Convention, he is known as "the father of the Constitution." He faced off against Patrick Henry in the Virginia debate over ratification, and contributed his nationalist arguments, along with Hamilton and Jay, to the series of federalist arguments compiled in The Federalist. Later in his political career, he moved away from the federalist political party and became a strong supporter of the Jeffersonian Republicans. Madison followed Jefferson as the fourth president of the United States.
On the other side of the argument were the Anti-Federalists who were fearful of a strong and overbearing central government, a regime they had thrown off eleven years hence through the Declaration of Independence, one of the most beautiful political and succinct statements ever penned. As opposed to Federalists, people that feared a strong central government, supported states' rights, and opposed ratification of the U.S. Constitution. Anti-Federalists insisted that a Bill of Rights must be included in the Constitution to protect individual's rights against a powerful central government. Anti-Federalists typically were members of the poorer classes, but also included patriots Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, James Monroe, and Richard Henry Lee. Anti-Federalists strongly opposed the ratification of the U.S. Constitution in Virginia and New York.
It was Madison who not only believed in a strong central federal government, but also believed that this central government could only insure our liberties through a structure based upon the separation powers, he made an argument for this in Federalist No. 10 and Federalist No. 51.
For the past eighty or so years the Progressives have been whittling away at both the Declaration and Constitution with their constant pressure to expand the power of the central government and establish a more powerful and intrusive administrative state. Rather than adhering to the principles equality of opportunity for all they are demanding an equality of results, an equality defined by masterminds in Washington, D.C.
On June 30, 2012, while in Egypt at a meeting of human rights advocates, Associate Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg stated:
“I would not look to the U.S. Constitution if I were drafting a constitution in the year 2012. I might look at the Constitution of South Africa — a fundamental instrument of government that embraced basic human rights.”
That stunning disavowal-by an associate justice of the United States Supreme Court — of the Constitution she has sworn to uphold, drew widespread and instant condemnation from conservative pundits and legal scholars.
NRA -ILA Executive Director Chris W Cox warned that Justice Ginsburg's statements go to the core of why the coming presidential elections are important, and why they are "about the very survival of our Constitution:” He's right on the money.
Especially in the mainstream media, Justice Ginsburg's were generally treated in isolation or ignored. For most Americans it was just a sound bite. A fleeting controversy. A mere blip. Given her animosity toward the Second Amendment, however, Justice Ginsburg's words must be seen as a special warning of things to come.
Her comments may have seemed off-the-wall, but they reflect an on going movement among "progressive" legal activists to render the Constitution as we know it unrecognizable. Perhaps the best definition of this radical movement has been expressed by Harvard law professor Mark Tushnet:
"For 30 years, conservatives have hijacked the Constitution, and were taking it back." For the Second Amendment, understand that "taking back" the Constitution will certainly mean the end of the Right to Keep and Bear Arms as expressed in the Heller and McDonald Supreme Court decisions — both decisions dissented on by Ginsburg.
So the big story-intentionally ignored by the big media — is that Justice Ginsburg's enthusiastic embrace of the South African Constitution is a long-range political movement to create a "progressive" constitution to ultimately supplant our founding documents.
The movement has a generic name — "democratic constitutionalism.” It came into serious focus with a 2005 American Constitution Society conference at Yale University Law School called "The Constitution in 2020.” That conference was followed by a book of the same name, and then another Yale conference in 2009.
Its purpose was described in a May 26, 2009, New York Times Magazine article:
"…the organizers set out to gather together a group of scholars to define a progressive constitutional agenda for the coming century ... the democratic constitutionalists see courts and political movements as partners, influencing each and society as a whole.”
Not since Woodrow Wilson’s 1887 speech on Socialism and Democracy and Franklin Roosevelt’s 1944 Message to Congress, where he urged a new bill of rights, has such a bold statement been made to throw out the principles of our Founders. They see the separation of powers as an obstacle to governing, not as an insurance of our unalienable rights of life, liberty and happiness.
Oh yes, and this will likely come as little surprise to you. This activist partnership to meld leftist political activism and the courts to dump or modify our founding documents in favor of a radical-left constitution is bankrolled by George Soros, the billionaire globalist gun-banner.
Among the initial participants of the 2005 gathering of progressive legal stars were two Soros operatives destined to be key Obama handlers in his presidential campaign, the transition and in the White House: John Podesta and Cass Sunstein. Podesta ran Obama's transition team. An outsider/insider with unique access to the president, Podesta oversees perhaps the most successful of the organs of the multigazillion dollar Soros policy/influence machine-the Center for American Progress. It has been a font of left-wing ideas that the Obama White House has turned into policy.
And that brings us to Sunstein, who, predating Ginsburg's comments, expressed an even giddier endorsement, calling the South African Constitution "the most admirable constitution in the history of the world”.
Sunstein, who was tagged as an "informal" Obama campaign advisor, also the husband of Obama’s foreign policy advisor Samantha Power who was the architect of the bombing of Libya, is the White House regulation czar, director of the White House Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs — a powerful position in which he serves as a gatekeeper for all new federal regulatory changes. Sunstein, on leave as a Harvard law professor, is an incredibly prolific "progressive" far-left legal scholar espousing a host of ideas any reasonable person would just call "weird.”
He would ban all hunting. Sunstein has proposed giving animals-yes, cows, dogs, rats — standing to sue in court. He would afford them a quasi-constitutional personhood. And he has proposed a kind of rationing of the Internet. He has demanded that websites be forced to include opposing views, because of "the growing power of consumers to 'filter' what it is that they see.”
He fears that Americans are too stupid to create the kind of "diversity" provided by the former gatekeepers of network TV. To Sunstein, individual citizens are incapable of being on their own in a sea of digital information. He fears that, "In the extreme case, people will be fully able to design their own communications universe. They will find it easy to exclude, in advance, topics and points of view that they wish to avoid.”
Sunstein is calling for government censorship to create diversity of thought. Imagine this man writing a new First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution; and it could happen.
Does the term oxymoron come to mind? But then, everything in the world these people inhabit is Alice-in Wonderland — down the rabbit hole. Progressive operators like Sunstein, even with his seemingly wacky views, must never be underestimated. Eighty years of creeping Progressivism has proven this. Through their control of the main stream media, entertainment industry and academia the have moved this republic from a government based on separation of powers to an administrative utopia governed by masterminds.
Although there is no secret about the existence of the "Constitution in 2020" movement (anybody can find it on the Internet), the radicals who would deface the current Constitution plan to do so by stealth. Stealth will be in the details written way below the surface or created by alternative means such as administrative law or international treaties and agreements. The real threat will come "under the radar”' as President Barack Obama is wont to say. This is the same strategy the Fabians used to turn the once great British Empire into a socialist, welfare state.
A lead-off speaker during the follow up 2009 Soros-funded "Constitution in 2020" conference reconvened at Yale University Law School, professor Aziz Huq of the University of Chicago Law School laid out the need for a deep political masquerade to accomplish real change.
“We’ll start with the problem of candor,” Huq said. “No constitutional movement ever got very far by admitting that it sought innovation in the founding document. Or by admitting that it was enabled by the particular social/historical or doctrinal circumstances of the change that it urged ...Yet to be a credible movement for constitutional change — a credible social movement — that movement has to deny, in a sense, its ultimate goal.”
And the deniable goal clearly is to supplant our rights, memorialized for Americans with our unique position as the freest people in the world, with a bizarre set of government-granted privileges masked as “rights”—a kind of leftist cultural affirmative action creating unprecedented social division: a constitutional caste system between the American people. It will be a reflection of President Obama’s now ubiquitous cultural war.
To use the progressive definition of the Constitution as a “living organism,” you must understand that these people see themselves in the same light as genetic engineers who are altering the DNA of our freedom into something entirely unrecognizable—something most Americans today would consider malignant.
If you were to suspect this is a key part of President Obama’s agenda for “fundamentally changing America,” you would likely be right. In fact, their “change” is a growth antithetical to the individual liberty protected and guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution as we know it.
In the lexicon of the “progressive” movement to rewrite America’s founding document on a global model, the guarantees of what the founders recognized as pre-existing God-given rights — among them, free speech, freedom to assemble, the right to keep and bear arms, the right against self-incrimination, the right to be protected against undue search and seizure—all of those most basic protections are considered “negative rights.”
These people are not talking about replacing the U.S. Constitution with the South African Constitution out of hand. What they seek is to include key viral elements of that document, in a bit-by-bit infection that will ultimately transform the whole nature of our country. They will not do this by the approved constitutional amendment process, but by judicial fiat and executive orders.
So what is it that these people find so attractive in the South African Constitution? In a phrase, the answer is something they call “positive” rights.
Perhaps the most direct explanation of what they are going for was penned on the “Constitution in 2020” blog by Emily Zackin, now an assistant professor at Hunter College:
“America’s constitutional law, its rights tradition in particular, is often said to reflect Americans’ fear of an over-active and overbearing state. Thus, America’s Constitutional rights are widely thought to restrain the state in order to protect citizens from the state’s power and potential for tyranny. Constitutions of other nations all over the world also contain these limits on government, but they include a different kind of right as well. These rights (sometimes called positive rights) obligate government to intervene in social and economic life, promoting equality rather than simply procedural fairness [Emphasis added]. They offer protection not from government itself, but from market capitalism and its consequences. The Belgian Constitution, for instance, declares that everyone has a right to a free education, and the South African Constitution includes the right to medical care. The text of the U.S. Constitution contains no such explicit guarantees, and the Supreme Court has consistently declined to interpret the Constitution to include them. Many have concluded that America simply lacks this other kind of constitutional right, and that Americans have been willing to commit to welfarist policies only at the level of statutory law.”
So, fairness — the very basis of real blind justice in America — is to be replaced with social/cultural favoritism decided by a cadre of law school radicals and masterminds who have no respect for the work of the Framers.
Dr. Zackin—who won top honors from Princeton for her Ph.D. dissertation, “Positive Constitutional Rights in the United States,” cited as an example: “… the South African Constitution includes the right to medical care. The text of the U.S. Constitution contains no such explicit guarantees, and the Supreme Court has consistently declined to interpret the Constitution to include them.” She further defined the notion of “positive rights” as “welfarist policies.”
These “positive rights,” like the “right to health care” and the “right to housing,” are the key elements that make the South African constitution so attractive to welfare statists who would control every element of American life. These “positive rights” dump fairness in favor of drastically skewing the playing field to the advantage of select groups of citizens. They are more focused on the equality of results rather than the equality of opportunity. Dr. Zackin’s is just a rehashing of Roosevelt’s Second Bill of Rights as expressed in in 1944 message to Congress.
With this stealthy Soros-backed effort, the new, radical Constitution that would emerge in the future will likely include as “positive rights” many government-granted privileges and collective rewards centered around endless memes of “justice”—“social justice,” or “economic justice,” or “green justice.” The list could be endless.
One thing is certain— there will be “freedom from gun violence” added to the list of “positive rights.” With that, the Second Amendment will be headed to the dumpster of history.
In a spot-on Canada Free Press analysis of the effect of “positive rights” versus “negative rights,” Daniel Greenfield characterized the combined “positive rights” pressed by the so-called progressive establishment as “the right to be taken care of in every way possible.” These “rights” — touted as the be all, end all in the South African constitution — serve to eliminate most of what Americans have traditionally considered freedom. Positive rights offer a privilege that is overseen by the government masterminds that provide benefits at the cost of individual liberties.
Yet privileges — unlike rights — can be withheld at the whim of those who hold the power of government.
As for the 61,000-word South African Constitution, perhaps the best view of what U.S. proponents are really striving for was spelled out in a 2003 law review article by Mark S. Kende, now head of the Constitutional Law Center at Drake University Law School. The title of the article is unambiguous: “Why the South African Constitution is better than the United States's.”
Giving meaning to Sunstein’s delirious “most admirable constitution in the history of the world” tag, Kende says the description fits because, “It contains a lengthy list of socio-economic rights, which the drafters hoped would protect and assist those who are poor and vulnerable.”
“Conversely,” he says, “the United States Supreme Court has been unwilling to find socio-economic rights in the United States Constitution.”
Among those “positive rights” he lauds, “Everyone has a right to have access to adequate housing, the right to have access to health care services sufficient food, and appropriate social assistance.”
“Moreover, courts must consider international law in rendering decisions, and may also consider foreign law.”
What is so bizarre about this article — and what is so strange about all of the radical proponents of the document — is that none of these “positive rights” are even marginally attainable by the tens of millions of South Africans who live in indescribable poverty and suffer from a homicide rate nearly seven times higher than ours in the U.S.
So what good is it?
Kende puts it this way: “Placing socio-economic rights in a constitution does not mean that every individual is entitled to assistance on demand. The state must take reasonable legislative and other measures, within its available resources, to achieve the progressive realization of each of these rights.”
Further, he writes that under a “limitations clause” on the “socio-economic rights,” “The court’s overall responsibility is to determine whether the infringement on the right is proportional to the resulting societal benefit.”
So in reality, these so-called “positive” rights are not rights at all. They are privileges doled out under a deeply corrupt system of state rationing by elite statists and masterminds like Cass Sunstein.
With perhaps as many as 7 million South African citizens dying of HIV and AIDS, the constitution’s guarantee of the right to “have access to health care services” was pointless under the regime of President Thabo Mbeki, a virus denier who kept Western life-saving medicine at bay while his people died.
How would this cadre of activists and professors alter the U.S. Constitution to take on elements of the South African model? Obviously not by any means provided in Article V of the Constitution, which the Founders intentionally made extraordinarily difficult to accomplish.
So what are they proposing? By what means do they alter the foundation of the nation? By what means do positive rights creep into constitutional law?
Those questions were actually at the very core of the second Yale conference. Among the back-door approaches discussed:
Enacting “landmark” laws that are too big, too complicated and bring dramatic fundamental change. These laws take on the force of the Constitution.
Enacting international treaties that have the force of law. As one speaker put it, “Once you have an Article II [ratified by the U.S. Senate] treaty in place, it can undo state law that’s contrary, and undo federal law that’s contrary.”
Creating administrative law that the speaker claimed would be beyond the normal scope of judicial review.
Attendees also discussed a grassroots political effort to force the U.S. Senate to get rid of the filibuster with its 60-vote requirement to close down debate, making all sorts of simple majority legislative mischief possible.
What the Soros gang proposes is a melding of their notion to replace the Constitution with administrative orders, landmark laws, treaties and the like with raw propaganda and a long-term, grassroots activist agenda. Mobilizing for change on the streets, if you will.
Yale law professor Jack Balkin, among the leaders of the “Constitution in 2020” movement, says under “democratic constitutionalism” grassroots politics is the key: “The basic way that the Constitution changes over time is that people persuade each other that the way they thought about the Constitution and what it means isn’t the right way of thinking about it. … That’s why you just can’t focus on elections, judicial appointments … constitutional culture. That’s why you have to focus on the people’s arguments about norms.”
Keep in mind that “norms” — international norms — are at the heart of the gun-ban movement worldwide. It is a well-recognized “norm” that the United Nations pointedly refuses to recognize armed self-defense as a human right.
It is certain that for many in the “democratic constitutionalism” movement, the kind of draconian laws that have left South African citizens at the mercy of brutal, murderous criminal violence would represent America’s constitutional norm in the future, if they get their way.
Of course, future Supreme Court appointments will be determined by who wins the presidential election this fall. Four more years of Barack Obama would undoubtedly mean one or more new justices in the mold of Justice Ginsburg who would push to shift our freedoms further from what our Founding Fathers intended — yet more “change” that our right to keep and bear arms might not be able to survive.